Ways of Learning
Word smarts (or linguistic intelligence) is the ability to use language effectively, whether orally or in writing. This includes the ability to manipulate the structure or syntax of language, the sounds of language, the meanings of words, and the practical uses of language.
Music smarts (or musical intelligence) is the ability to perceive, discriminate, transform, and express musical forms. This includes being sensitive to rhythm, pitch, melody, and timbre of music.
Picture smarts (or spatial intelligence) is the ability to perceive and depict the visual-spatial world accurately. This intelligence involves sensitivity to shape, line, color, form, and space and the relationships that exist between them. The kinds of processes used in this intelligence include the capacity to visualize and graphically represent ideas.
Body smarts (or bodily-kinesthetic intelligence) is the ability to use one’s hands and body to express ideas and feelings or to produce and transform objects. Body smarts are most often expressed in specific physical skills such as coordination, balance, dexterity, strength, flexibility, and speed.
Nature smarts (or naturalistic intelligence) is the ability to know about and relate well to one’s natural surroundings. This includes having a greater sensitivity to nature and one’s place within it, being able to nurture and grow things, and easily caring for and interacting with animals.
People smarts (or interpersonal intelligence) is the ability to perceive and respond to the moods, intentions, and feelings of other people. This includes being sensitive to facial expressions, voice, and gestures and the ability to respond effectively to those cues.
Logic smarts (or logical-mathematical intelligence) is the capacity to work with numbers and to reason well. This includes discerning logical patterns or relationships and efficiently categorizing, classifying, and calculating information and data.
Self smarts (or intrapersonal intelligence) is the ability to know oneself and to act on the basis of this self-knowledge. This includes having an accurate picture of oneself—an awareness of one’s inner moods, intentions, motivations, temperaments, and desires.